History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America, by W. Melancthon Glasgow, Baltimore, MD., 1888, pages 228-234. NEW JERSEY. Perth Amboy. In 1685, George Scot, Baird of Pitlochie, was given his liberty in Scotland provided he transported to East Jersey many of the Covenanters who had refused to take the oath of allegiance to a tyrannical and profligate ruler. Thus authorized, he proceeded to gather his company from those confined in the tolbooth of Leith. He had to give security to land them there prior to September, 1686, and the penalty was to be five| hundred merks in case of failure in any instance. In May, 1685, Scot chartered the Henry and Francis of New Castle, a ship of three hundred and fifty tons and twenty great ' guns, with Richard Hutton as master. On the eve of their banishment, twenty-eight of them signed the following conjunct testimony; bearing "That, now to leave their own native and Covenanted land by an unjust sentence of banishment for owning truth and. standing by duty, studying to keep their Covenants engagements and baptismal vows, whereby they stand obliged to resist and testify against all that is contrary to the Word of God and their Covenants; and that their sentence of banishment ran chiefly because they refused the oath of allegiance which in conscience they could not take, because in so doing they thought utterly declined the Lord Jesus Christ from having any power in His own house, and practically would; by taking it, sat, "He was not King and Head of His Church and over them consciences. And, on the contrary, this was to take and put in His room a man whose breath is in his nostrils; yea, a man who is a sworn enemy to religion; an avowed papist, whom, by our Covenants; we are bound to withstand and disown, and that agreeably to Scripture: When thou art come unto the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a King over me, like as all the nations that are about me, thou shalt in any wise set him King over thee, whom the Lord thy God shalt choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set King over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. Deut. 17: 14-15. They then bore their testimony against the defections of the day, and for preaching in the fields and homes, and then signed their names. As Wodrow has given these names of the banished, we have thought it proper to insert them here. Their names are: Name Robert Adam Lady Athernie Yes Yes John Arbuckle Yes Rev William Aisdale Yes John Black George Brown Robert Campbell David Campbell John Campbell William Campbell Christian Cavie John Crichton John Corbet Andrew Corbet John Casson Agnes Corhead Yes Barbara Cowan Marjory Cowan William Cunningham Yes Patrick Cuningham Charles Douglas William Douglas Isabel Durie John Frazer Thomas Finlater Yes Elspeth Ferguson Janet Ferguson Mary Ferret Yes John Ford Yes James Forsythe Yes John Foreman John Gray Thomas Gray Yes Thomas Graham Yes Grisel Gamble William Ged Yes Yes Fergus Grier James Grier Robert Gilchrist John Gilfillan Yes Bessie Gordon Annabel Gordon Yes Katharine Bovan John Harris Yes John Harvie Yes John Henderson Yes Adam Hood Yes Charles Honyall Yes John Hutchinson Yes John Hodge Yes Thomas Jackson Yes Yes William Jackson George Johnston Yes John Johnstone Yes James Junk John King John Kippan Yes John Kincaid Yes James Kirkwood John Kirkwood Yes John Kellie Katherine Kellie Yes John Kennie Margaret Leslie Yes Janet Linthron Gawen Lockhart Michael Marshall John Marshall John Martin Margaret Miller George Muir Yes Gilbert Monorg Yes Jean Moffat Yes John Muirhead James Muirhead Yes William MccCalmont John McEwen Walter McEwen Yes Robert McEwen Yes John McQueen Yes Robert McLellan Margaret McLellan Yes Andrew McLellan Yes John McKenman Yes William McMillan Yes John McGhie Yes William Nevin Yes William Oliphant Andrew Patterson Yes John Pollock John Ramn Yes Rev. Archibald Riddell Yes Yes Mr. Archibald Riddell Yes Yes William Rigg Yes Yes Marian Rennie John Renwick Yes James Reston Thomas Russell Yes Peter Russell Yes Christian Strang Yes William Sprat Agnes Stevens Yes William Sproull Yes Thomas Shelston John Swinton Yes John Smith Yes John Seton Yes George Scot Yes Yes Margaret Scot Yes Yes Eupham Scot Yes Yes Janet Symington Yes James Sittingtown John Targat John Turpine William Turnbull Patrick Urie John Vernor Yes Mrs. Vernor Yes John Watt Patrick Walker James Wardrope Yes Elizabeth Whitelaw Grizel Witherspoon William Wilson Robert Young The charge for transportation was five pounds sterling for each adult and to each of those who were unable to pay for their passage was promised twenty-five acres of land and a suit of new clothes on the completion of four years of service; for children under twelve years of age, fifty shillings; sucking children free; one ton of goods, forty shillings. These have been known in American History as "Redemptioners." Many of these passengers had endured much suffering. After some delay, the ship sailed from the road of Leith, September 5, 1685. We hear of no untoward event until after they had turned the Land's End," when a fever began to prevail with virulence, particularly among the prisoners who had been confined' in the great vault of Dunnotter. Many were sick when they came aboard, and the health of the others was endangered by the condition of the provisions laid in by the Captain. The meat began to putrefy and was not eatable, In a month the fever assumed a malignant type. Few escaped its ravages, and three or four bodies were cast overboard every day. Most of the ship's crew, except the Captain and boatswain, died. Pitlochie, who had freighted the ship, with his lady, died likewise, and so enjoyed nothing of the gain of nearly one hundred prisoners gifted him by the Council, and upwards of seventy persons died at sea. Death and unwholesome food were not the only evils the unfortunate Covenanters had to encounter; the master of the ship was most cruel to the prisoners. Those who were placed under deck were not allowed to go about worship, and when they attempted it the Captain would throw down great planks of timber to disturb them and endanger their lives. The ship sprang a leak twice, and frequent storms added to their anxiety, After the death of Pitlochie, the prisoners fell into the hands of John Johnstone, his son-in-law Captain Hutton began to tamper with Mr. Johnstone, and urged him to carry the prisoners to Virginia or Jamaica, either places presenting better opportunity for disposing of them than New jersey, and offered as an inducement to charge himself with the disposal of the prisoners and to account to him for them in the productions of the country. But the wind changed and they were forced to sail straight for New Jersey. They landed at Perth Amboy, New Jersey, in the middle of December, 1685, having been about fifteen weeks at sea.. Before going ashore, Johnstone endeavored to stop them by urging them to sign an agreement to serve four years at that place in consideration of the expense incurred by the departed Scot. This they would not agree to, but joined in another protest against their banishment and recounted their harsh treatment during the voyage. When they came ashore, the people who lived on the coast and had not the gospel preached to them, were inhospitable and showed them no kindness. A little way up in the country, however, there was a town (supposed to be Woodbridge), and a minister settled, and the inhabitants were very kind to them. When they learned who the prisoners were and their circumstances, they invited all who were able to travel to come and live with them, and sent horses far the rest, and entertained them freely and liberally that winter. In the following spring, John Johnstone pursued them and had them all cited before a legal tribunal of the Province. Alter hearing both sides, the Governor called a jury to sit and cognosce upon the affair, who found that the pannels had not of their own accord come to that ship, nor bargained with Pitlochie for money or service, and therefore, according to the laws of the country, they were assoiled. Those who had so agreed had their suits come before the Court of Common Rights, and Captain Hutton was remunerated. The prisoners then scattered throughout Eastern Pennsylvania, New York and Connecticut, where they were kindly entertained and found employment according to their different trades. At different times the persecuted Covenanters were banished to New Jersey, Delaware and South Carolina, but in the latter part of the seventeenth century this cruelty ceased. At this time no organized' society of Covenanters has an existence in New Jersey. PATERSON. For some years previous to its organization into a congregation, a few, families of Covenanters resided in the city of Paterson. They were usually supplied by the students of the Philadelphia Seminary and received the organization in the fall of 1818. The Rev. William L. Roberts was the first pastor ordained and installed in charge in May, 1824. The congregation was small and rent with factions, and he resigned charge in December, 1825. The Rev. Will iam Gibson took charge, of the congregation in 1826, and was stated supply for several years. In 1833, the great majority of the members went into, the New School body, and the cause gradually declined. The few faithful followers of the Church were supplied but they lost their organization in October, 1836. Of the eldership were James W. King, John McIntire and Thomas Lindon.
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